Despite a huge spending of resources, the programs to prevent and control HIV and AIDS in the eastern parts of Nepal have proved insufficient as the number of HIV among IDU cases continues to rise here.
The number of people with HIV and AIDS is likely to go up if more effective programs are not held in the rural parts of Jhapa, Sunsari and Morang.
Sex workers in Jhapa are more vulnerable as only a few people know about safe sex. On the recently celebrated condom day, the organisations working in the HIV and AIDS field were distributing condoms free of cost in Birtamode, Jhapa.
People didn't pick up the condoms, which are used for safe sex.
They just looked in the box and went away. Nobody touched the box until the organisers started to fill air in it.
The thought of the people have not been changed although they know condoms are the weapons to defend HIV and AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.
People feel shy talking about the use of condoms.
The trend of transmission of HIV and AIDS through unsafe sex is going up, according to the organisations working in this field.
It is estimated that more than seventy thousand people have HIV and AIDS in Nepal.
The medical officers say the proper use of condoms doesn't allow HIV and AIDS to get transmitted from one person to another.
Dr. B. P. Kharel, a gynecologist said, "But the campaign of this sort is not enough in the rural areas."
People who have gone out of the country for employment have plenty of chances to get HIV and AIDS, particularly from northeast India where the HIV is alarmingly high.
The rural men and women go to India and other countries and get involved in unsafe sex.
The Nepalese women are often sold to the brothels of India. Most women come back after getting HIV and AIDS.
Bhakti Sitoula, who runs a rehabilitation centre for people living with HIV and AIDS said, "The rural people should be aware about this."
He emphasizes that schools and colleges should run related courses.