Nepalese are third highest foreign students currently studying in Australia after India and China. According a student data 2019 published by the Department of Education, which has reported explosive growth in international student enrollments, showed that 52,000 Nepalese students are currently enrolled in different universities in Australia with China (201,000) and India (101,000).
They are Australia’s three biggest sources of international students, with each nation also experiencing strong growth.
Looking ahead, the latest biannual data from the Department of Home Affairs shows that student visa applications from China fell by 3.3% in 2H 2019, which was more than offset by explosive growth from India (53.5%) and Nepal (47.8%):
Therefore, Australia’s future international student growth appears dependent on India and Nepal, which tend to study at second tier universities and private vocational colleges, often for the primary purpose of gaining working rights and permanent residency.
Over the past five years, enrollments from China rose by 94,000, versus growth of 62,000 Indian students and 39,000 Nepalese students.
However, in percentage terms China’s 88% growth in international students was dwarfed by both India (155%) and Nepal (320%) over the past five year.
Turning to Australia’s jurisdictions, you can see that international student enrollments are dominated by New South Wales (267,000) and Victoria (227,000), which together accounted for 71% of Australia’s enrollments as at May 2019:
This is reflected by increasing concerns around degraded education standards and quality.
According to this data, international student enrollments surged by 69,500 (11%) in 2019, with enrollments ballooning by 290,000 (72%) over the past five years alone:
This growth has been driven by both higher education and vocational education and training (VET), whose enrollments have surged by 81% and 101% respectively over the past five years:
These two jurisdictions have experienced the strongest growth in international student enrollments over the past five years of 118,000 (80%) and 105,000 (86%) respectively.
Moreover, according to the Australian Skills Quality Authority, 97% of international students studied in a major city in 2018, with the majority of these students studying in Sydney and Melbourne.
Interestingly, New South Wales’ international student boom has been driven by both China (77,000) and Nepal (34,000), whose enrollments have surged by 35,000 and 27,000 respectively over the past five years:
By comparison, Victoria’s international student boom has been driven primarily by China (69,000) and India (48,000), whose enrollments have surged by 35,000 and 29,000 respectively over the past five years: