US President Joe Biden has said his predecessor Donald Trump's acquittal for inciting mob violence is a reminder that "democracy is fragile".
Seven Republicans joined Democrats in voting to convict, falling short of the two-thirds majority needed to do so.
Mr Biden said the charge, relating to Mr Trump's role in the Capitol riot last month, was "not in dispute", while seeking to move on from the process.
Mr Trump has welcomed his acquittal, calling his impeachment a "witch hunt".
In the Senate on Saturday, the trial ended with a 57-43 vote in favour of conviction.
The vote split largely along party lines, with the seven Republicans joining the Senate's 48 Democrats and two independents in voting to convict.
Mr Trump faced a single charge of incitement to insurrection after pro-Trump supporters stormed Congress on 6 January. Five people died.
Democratic prosecutors argued he stoked the mob with false claims the election was stolen. Mr Trump's lawyers denied his words amounted to incitement, and said the Senate should not try a former president.
Impeachments of US presidents are rare. Only two other presidents have been impeached, while Trump is the only man to face the process twice.
'A sad chapter' - Biden
Responding to the acquittal, President Biden said: "While the final vote did not lead to a conviction, the substance of the charge is not in dispute.
"This sad chapter in our history has reminded us that democracy is fragile. That it must always be defended. That we must be ever vigilant. That violence and extremism has no place in America. And that each of us has a duty and responsibility as Americans, and especially as leaders, to defend the truth and to defeat the lies."
Mr Biden has kept his distance from the impeachment process, not watching the trial live. Aides were reportedly worried that it would distract from his early plans for office.
In his reaction, Mr Trump called the trial "yet another phase of the greatest witch hunt in the history of our nation".
A conviction could have seen him barred from elected office. Mr Trump's statement hinted he would continue to play a role in US politics.
"Our historic, patriotic and beautiful movement to Make America Great Again has only just begun," he said.