A notable component of this initiative was the construction of the Kathmandu-Lhasa Railway, aimed to establish a railway connecting Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, to Lhasa, Tibet, with the potential to significantly bolster trade and connectivity between the two nations. Furthermore, there was a commitment to invest in Nepal's hydropower sector, a critical facet of meeting Nepal's energy demands.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Oct 26, 2023
As a liberal arts university, the proposed University of Nepal’s education and academic efforts will be geared towards exploring the truth, in-depth study of the interdependent relationship between the individual, society and nature, creation of new knowledge and practice of multidisciplinary genres to meet the present and future challenges of the country and the world and seizing opportunities in this regard.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Jul 06, 2021
Nepal’s Economy in Disarray: The Policies and Politics of Development (New Delhi: Adroit Publishers, 2019), co-authored by Pushkar Bajracharya, Mohan Das Manandhar and Rojan Bajracharya, provides a timely and accurate context of Nepal’s economic challenges.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari May 27, 2021
Article 3 of the Act gave validity, and therefore continuity, to the rule of succession not only to the throne of His Majesty the King of Nepal addressed as Shree 5, but also to His Highness the Rana Maharaja addressed as Shree 3. The Act did not reproduce the relevant rules in the Act, but only referred to them clearly.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari May 04, 2020
An isolated agrarian society, Nepal has always been a home to a diversity of animals, forests, medicinal resources, pastures, and a source of various minerals and precious stones. Several locations in the Himalayas, the hills and the plains have historically had religious significance for Hindus, Buddhists and Kirats, attracting religious tourists from Nepal’s neighboring countries. These resources have had economic implications for the country. According to the 1941 census, the population of Nepal had already reached 6,283,649, although very little had changed in terms of Nepal’s economic state. Economically, Nepal was a feudal country until 1950-51, after which the predominant part of the national economy began moving towards subsistence agriculture. This article is aimed at reviewing the state of Nepal's economy and development prior to the introduction of the Constitution of Prime Minister Padma Shamsher in 1948.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Apr 20, 2020
Nepal never had a constitution in its history before 1948 when Padma Shamsher promulgated the first constitution of Nepal. If a constitution is taken as an exclusive codified document providing for the fundamental rules and principles that constitute the legal basis of the state, Nepal had none in its history. There was never such a document that determined how the country is governed, and the limitation on the power of the government is enforced. Nevertheless, it had the legal framework to qualify itself as a legal system setting out norms of conduct for the state and the individual as well as institutions to make and administer laws.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Apr 10, 2020
The Preamble highlights that the Constitutional Act is being ordained and promulgated by the Maharaja Padma Shamsher and not His Majesty King Tribhuvan, who remained on the titular status as an effect of the Panjapatra of 1956. It is pertinent to study the preamble of the Government of Nepal Act by reflecting on its main phrases, expressions, and themes.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Mar 17, 2020
Nepal and historical Tibet have shared a longstanding relationship. Tibet remained a country without a written constitution, until its status changed to an autonomous province of China. The Tibetan system did not contain elements that could have contributed to the development of a constitutional framework as derived by Padma Shamsher.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Jan 14, 2020
The Government of India came to be the arbiter of the 1950-51 revolution, because of King Tribhuvan's immaturity in taking refuge at the Indian embassy in Kathmandu without consulting the Nepali Congress
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Jan 04, 2020
As noted by constitutional lawyer Ganesh Raj Sharma, initially, the Indian government attempted to echo the British way of adjusting with the Rana regime, which was by accommodating each other's interests. With Padma Shamsher in his confidence, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru pressurized Nepali politicians in exile to forego the agitation in favor of cooperating with Padma Shamsher’s three-tiered partyless Panchayat system. Then, during the time Padma Shamsher announced the basic outlines of his reforms on 28 May, 1947, Nehru had an interesting conversation with M.P. Koirala and Ganesh Man Singh, NNC leaders at the time.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Dec 23, 2019
The book of Edwin T. Atkinson starts with a remarkable preface. It is divided into ten impressive chapters. Chapters III to VII are devoted to some key aspects of the history of the Western Himalayas. Here he talks about Khasas, Bhotiyas and other im
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Feb 20, 2016
O'Connor makes it clear in his book that the system of government in Nepal is led by prime minister. Although, by this time the expression ‘His Majesty’ was already in use for the King in Nepal, his role in governance was only ceremonial.
By Dr. Bipin Adhikari Feb 02, 2014