The second constituent assembly election was truly a referendum on ethnicity based agenda. Nepalese people including those living in Terai had overwhelmingly voted against it. Unfortunately, this issue is again being raised. Very recently this issue has been mixed up with Indian undeclared blockade on Nepal.
The recent undeclared Indian blockade on Nepal is bound to have widespread political and economical ramifications. Most importantly, the existing extremely cordial relationship between Nepal and India is going to suffer a serious setback . It might take quite some time to completely repair this damage.
Present Indian Prime-minister Modi is revered by all Nepalese as the world’s greatest statesman and also our country’s most trustworthy friend. He is extremely popular in our country. He had completely won the hearts and minds of all Nepali people even after his first visit to Nepal, which was his first official visit to a foreign country after he took office following his historic election victory. The promptness he had shown in extending assistance to Nepal in the aftermath of recent earthquakes had further bolster his popularity in Nepal.
Unfortunately, the recent blockade incidence has helped to smear the extremely friendly image of India in the mind of ordinary Nepalese people, who are affected the most by the blockade. The blockade on Nepal has deeply hurt every Nepali citizen. Whole country is completely paralyzed. Almost all schools, colleges, offices and even hospitals are virtually closed. Only very few vehicles are plying on the streets. Many could not even cook their foods due to unavailability of cooking oil and gas. Nobody had expected such a draconian inhuman treatment of Nepalese people.
Highest Indian authorities claim that Indian government has not imposed blockade on Nepal. According to official version of the Indian government the agitating Terai based political parties demanding subdivision of provincial boundaries on ethnicity basis have set up blockades on all highways connecting Nepal with India completely disrupting the flow of goods from India into Nepal and vice versa.
In reality even those highways interconnecting between our two countries unaffected by the Terai based agitating parties have also been blockaded. In case of highways affected by agitation the actual blockade is on Indian side of the border. Agitating crowds assembled on Indian side of border are seen pelting stones at security personnel on Nepalese side of the border in order to prevent the flow of traffic. Unfortunately, Indian border security personnel are seen showing complete indifference to it.
Dissolution of Constituent Assembly
Maoist party led government along with Terai and Hill based political parties strongly committed to introduce ethnicity based constitution failed to muster enough support to adopt ethnicity based new constitution. The government dissolved the assembly to hold second assembly election to seek overwhelming fresh mandate needed to adopt their ethnicity based agenda. The election was truly going to be a referendum on their ethnicity based agenda. To great surprise of many the outcome of the second assembly election was a massacre of Maoist and its allied parties for their ethnicity based agenda.
Referendum on Ethnicity Based Agenda
Maoist and madhese parties committed to introduce their ethnicity agenda were completely defeated in the election. The Maoist party, which had the largest number of seats in the last assembly was squeezed to third position far behind the parties occupying first and second position in term of number of seats in newly elected assembly. Madhese parties, which are entirely based in Terai, suffered the most humiliating defeat. Their strength in the newly elected assembly was sharply reduced to few seats. Even hill region parties advocating ethnicity agenda equally suffered humiliating defeat.
The political parties opposing ethnicity based agenda won by a landslide. They won more than two third seats in the assembly. Thus the ethnicity based agenda was completely rejected by the people..
In pursuant to the wishes expressed by the voters in the recent assembly election the Maoist party has given up for the time being its ethnicity based agenda. Unfortunately, some of the Terai based parties are still clinging to their ethnicity based agenda despite the fact that people had overwhelmingly voted against it in second assembly election.